WHAT IS A DENTAL IMPLANT?
A dental implant is a titanium post (like a tooth root) that is surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath the gum line that allows your dentist to mount replacement teeth or a bridge into that area. An implant doesn't come loose like a denture can. Dental implants also benet general oral health because they do not have to be anchored to other teeth, like bridges. Illustration showing an example of a full crown restoration placed on an individual implant.
How Do They Work?
An implant-restored tooth consists of several parts.
The implant, which is made of titanium, is placed in the upper or lower jawbone.
The abutment can be made of titanium, gold or porcelain. It is attached to the implant with a screw.
This part connects the implant to the crown. It is shaped like a natural tooth that has been cut down to receive a crown.
Types of Implant Restorations:
Single tooth replacements-Use one implant and as the name suggests support a single crown. Multiple tooth replacements- Multiple missing teeth can be replaced with multiple implants supporting fixed bridgework as small as a 3-unit bridge supported by two implants, or with multiple implants supporting a greater number of teeth. Combinations of fixed and removable bridgework- generally where implants are used to support a section of fixed bridgework, to which is attached a removable section.
Over-dentures- where two or more implants, either standard or mini-implants, are placed to provide stabilization of the denture and preserve the underlying bone.
Anchorage for tooth movement (orthodontics)- Implants, either standard, mini, or micro-mini implants, are now being used to provide very stable and non-movable anchor units to allow quicker and easier tooth movement